Refractive surgery aims to correct vision disorders to improve visual acuity without correction and thus decreases or eliminates dependency on glasses or contact lenses.
Refractive surgery was developed in the 1980s, first in Russia and then in United States, South America and Europe.
The number of procedures has increased significantly in recent years thanks to the progress of technology in this area.
Candidates for refractive surgery are usually patients who do not tolerate contact lenses anymore or, that can not wear glasses because of work demands, or who simply wish to free themselves from dependence of glasses or lenses.
Patients must be over 18 years old with a stable refractive defect.
The choice of surgical techniques depends on different factors: the importance of refractive defect (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, presbyopia), age, the thickness of the cornea…that is why the preoperative exams are important to determine the best technique suited for the candidate.
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